Support for Numba (ht.numba)¶
Basic module which wraps most of ht functions and classes to be compatible with the Numba dynamic Python compiler. Support for Numba may require the latest version of Numba. Numba is rapidly evolving, and hopefully in the future it will support more of the functionality of ht.
Using the numba-accelerated version of ht is easy; simply call functions and classes from the ht.numba namespace. The ht.numba module must be imported separately; it is not loaded automatically as part of ht.
>>> import ht >>> import ht.numba >>> ht.numba.Ft_aircooler(Thi=125., Tho=45., Tci=25., Tco=95., Ntp=1, rows=4) 0.55050936040
There is a delay while the code is compiled when using Numba; the speed is not quite free. Most, but not all compilations can be cached to save time in future loadings.
It is easy to compare the speed of a function with and without Numba.
>>> %timeit ht.numba.Ft_aircooler(Thi=125., Tho=45., Tci=25., Tco=95., Ntp=1, rows=4) 1.22 µs ± 41.2 ns per loop (mean ± std. dev. of 7 runs, 1000000 loops each) >>> %timeit ht.Ft_aircooler(Thi=125., Tho=45., Tci=25., Tco=95., Ntp=1, rows=4) 5.89 µs ± 274 ns per loop (mean ± std. dev. of 7 runs, 100000 loops each)
Not everything is faster in the numba interface. It is advisable to check that numba is indeed faster for your use case.
Functions which take strings as inputs are also known to normally get slower; the numerical stuff is still being sped up but the string handling is slow:
>>> %timeit ht.numba.baffle_correction_Bell(0.82, method='spline') 16.5 µs ± 538 ns per loop (mean ± std. dev. of 7 runs, 100000 loops each) >>> %timeit ht.baffle_correction_Bell(0.82, method='spline') 15.6 µs ± 457 ns per loop (mean ± std. dev. of 7 runs, 100000 loops each)
Nevertheless, using the function from the numba interface may be preferably, to allow an even larger program to be completely compiled in njit mode.
Today, the list of things known not to work is as follows:
dP_Zukauskas()(needs some spline work)
NTU_from_effectiveness()(does string-to-int conversion)
solar_spectrum()(external file reading)
Numba also allows ht to provide any of its supported functions as a numpy universal function. Numpy’s wonderful broadcasting is implemented, so some arguments can be arrays and some can not.
>>> import ht.numba_vectorized >>> import numpy as np >>> ht.numba_vectorized.Nu_Grimison_tube_bank(np.linspace(1e4, 1e5, 4), np.array([.708]), np.array(), np.array([.05]), np.array([.05]), np.array([.025])) array([3.39729780e+06, 3.74551216e+07, 9.86950909e+07, 1.83014426e+08])
Unfortunately, keyword-arguments are not supported by Numba. Also default arguments are not presently supported by Numba.
Despite these limitations is is here that Numba really shines! Arrays are Numba’s strength.
Please note this interface is provided, but what works and what doesn’t is mostly up to the numba project. This backend is not quite as polished as their normal engine.